Phys.org-News about science

Welcome to the “Phys.org” update from Hawaii Science Digest.

Views expressed in this science and technology news summary are those of the reporters and correspondents.

Content provided by Phys.org.  An official publication of the Science X Network.

Accessed on 03 April 2019, 0410 UTC.

Source:  https://phys.org

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Spotlight science news

Researchers tune material’s color and thermal properties separately

The color of a material can often tell you something about how it handles heat. Think of wearing a black shirt on a sweltering summer’s day—the darker the pigment, the warmer you’re likely to feel. Likewise, the more transparent …

Which came first, the lizard or the egg?

In a world first, researchers at the University of Sydney have observed a normally live-bearing Australian lizard lay three eggs and then weeks later, give birth to a live baby from the same pregnancy. This is the first time …

After the Moon in 2024, NASA wants to reach Mars by 2033

NASA has made it clear they want astronauts back on the Moon in 2024, and now, they are zeroing in on the Red Planet—the US space agency confirmed that it wants humans to reach Mars by 2033.

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3-D-printed transparent skull provides a window to the brain

Researchers at the University of Minnesota have developed a unique 3-D-printed transparent skull implant for mice that provides an opportunity to watch activity of the entire brain surface in real time. The device allows …

Germany finds truckers cheating to hide emissions

German authorities have identified hundreds of trucks “manipulated” to save their operators money by shutting off exhaust treatment systems, saying many more cheating vehicles could be at large on Europe’s roads.

Outgoing Airbus CEO poised for 37 mln euro payout: report

The chief executive of European aerospace giant Airbus stands to receive a 37 million euro ($41 million) severance package when he steps down next week, according to calculations by an investor advisory firm released Tuesday.

Food for thought: Why did we ever start farming?

The reason that humans shifted away from hunting and gathering, and to agriculture—a much more labor-intensive process—has always been a riddle. It is only more confusing because the shift happened independently in about …

Gut microbiome directs the immune system to fight cancer

The advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors—which “release the brakes” of the body’s immune system to launch an efficient tumor attack—are a major breakthrough in cancer immunotherapy. However, these treatments don’t work …

Restore natural forests to meet global climate goals

International plans to restore forests to combat global warming are flawed and will fall far short of meeting 1.5C climate targets, according to new research by UCL and University of Edinburgh scientists.

Hands spread flame retardants, plasticizers throughout homes

Hundreds of everyday items, from furniture to cell phones to floor wax, contain organophosphate ester (OPE) flame retardants and plasticizers. Some of these semi-volatile compounds make their way into the air, onto surfaces …

How the brain finds meaning in metaphor

You can grasp a hand. You can also grasp a concept. One is literal. One is metaphorical. Our brains know the difference, but would we be able to understand the latter without the former?

Optimizing proton beam therapy with mathematical models

Particle beam therapy is increasingly being used to treat many types of cancer. It consists in subjecting tumours to beams of high-energy charged particles such as protons. Although more targeted than conventional radiotherapy …

Impacts of how non-native species are assessed

Millions of the world’s most vulnerable people face problems with invasive weeds, insects and plant diseases, which are out of control and have a major impact on global prosperity, communities and the environment. Developing …

What does Uranus sound like?

Sometimes kids ask really simple questions – and parents have no idea what the answers are. When one of our colleagues was asked what it sounds like on the planet Uranus, she was stumped. And so were we! So we asked an …

Plastics in the sea costing society billions of dollars

In the first study of its kind, researchers from the Plymouth Marine Laboratory, the University of Surrey, the University of Stirling and the Arctic University of Norway investigated the social and economic impact of plastics …

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